• Patmisari Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Sri Setyawati
  • Achmad Muthali’in
  • Wibowo Heru Prasetiyo
Abstract views: 138 , PDF downloads: 69
Keywords: youth citizen, student engagement, civic education


The problem that challenges the educators is increasing the engagement of students as young citizens in learning activities. In the context of civics learning, student engagement in the classroom can be the first and important indication that illustrates their future likelihood of becoming active citizens and responsible for managing common issues. More than that, learning engagement becomes a pretension for the level of learning participation as well as optimization of the student-centered approach. This study was conducted qualitatively in a school on civic education learning. The informants involved consisted of teachers and students using interview, observation, and document techniques. The focus of the study is directed at disclosing forms of student involvement in civic learning, teacher constraints in increasing student engagement, and efforts to overcome some of the existing obstacles. The results showed that the form of student engagement was shown by actively working on the questions given by the teacher, appearing in front of the class, expressing opinions, responding to the opinions of other students. The obstacle found was that not all students' abilities were the same in participating. The solution given in this research is good classroom management.

Keyword: youth citizen, student engagement, civic education


Azra, Azyumardi. 2005. Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan: Demokrasi, Hak Asasi Manusia, dan Masyarakat Madani. Jakarta: ICCE UIN Syarif Hidayatullah.

Baroutsis, A., McGregor, G., & Mills, M. (2016). Pedagogic voice: student voice in teaching and engagement pedagogies. Pedagogy, Culture and Society, 24(1), 123–140.

Campbell, D. E., & Niemi, R. G. (2016). Testing civics: State-level civic education requirements and political knowledge. American Political Science Review, 110(3), 495–511.

Darmadi, H. (2013). Urgensi Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan di Perguruan Tinggi. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Devito, M. (2016). Factors Influencing Student Engagement. Factors Influencing Student Engagement, 91.

Doppen, Frans H dkk. 2014. Young Adolescents‟ Knowledge and Notions of Citizenship. 13 (1): 16.

Fives, Allyn. 2015. Non-Coercive Promotion Of Values In Civic Education For Democracy. 39 (6): 577.

Groccia, J. E. (2018). What Is Student Engagement? New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2018(154), 11–20.

Hahn, C. L. (2016). Pedagogy in citizenship education research: A comparative perspective. Citizenship Teaching and Learning, 11(2), 121–138.

Hooghe, M., Oser, J., & Marien, S. (2016). A comparative analysis of ‘good citizenship’: A latent class analysis of adolescents’ citizenship norms in 38 countries. International Political Science Review, 37(1), 115–129.

Hospel, V., & Galand, B. (2016). Are both classroom autonomy support and structure equally important for students’ engagement? A multilevel analysis. Learning and Instruction, 41, 1–10.

Jang, H., Kim, E. J., & Reeve, J. (2016). Why students become more engaged or more disengaged during the semester: A self-determination theory dual-process model. Learning and Instruction, 43, 27–38.

Kahu, E., Nelson, K., & Picton, C. (2017). Student interest as a key driver of engagement for first year students. Student Success, 8(2), 55.

Kahu, E. R., & Nelson, K. (2018). Student engagement in the educational interface: understanding the mechanisms of student success. Higher Education Research and Development, 37(1), 58–71.

Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia. 2014. Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan SMP/ MTs Kelas VIII. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia.

Knowles, R. T., Torney-Purta, J., & Barber, C. (2018). Enhancing citizenship learning with international comparative research: Analyses of IEA civic education datasets. Citizenship Teaching and Learning, 13(1), 7–30.

Lee, E., & Hannafin, M. J. (2016). A design framework for enhancing engagement in student-centered learning: own it, learn it, and share it. Educational Technology Research and Development, 64(4), 707–734.

Masika, R., & Jones, J. (2016). Building student belonging and engagement: insights into higher education students’ experiences of participating and learning together. Teaching in Higher Education, 21(2), 138–150.

Mirra, N., & Garcia, A. (2017). Civic Participation Reimagined: Youth Interrogation and Innovation in the Multimodal Public Sphere. Review of Research in Education, 41(1), 136–158.

Mutch, Carol. 2011. Citizenship Education in New Zealand: we know „what works‟ but to what extent is it working?. 10 (2-3): 18.

Rachmawati, Winda Ayu. 2016. “Penggunaan Media Film Dokumenter untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Peserta Didik dalam Pembelajaran Proklamasi dan Konstitusi”. Skripsi. Bandung: Jurusan Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Reichert, F., & Print, M. (2018). Civic participation of high school students: the effect of civic learning in school. Educational Review, 70(3), 318–341.

Rossi, G., Lenzi, M., Sharkey, J. D., Vieno, A., & Santinello, M. (2016). Factors Associated with Civic Engagement in Adolescence: The Effects of Neighborhood, School, Family, and Peer Contexts. Journal of Community Psychology.

Shernoff, D. J., Kelly, S., Tonks, S. M., Anderson, B., Cavanagh, R. F., Sinha, S., & Abdi, B. (2016). Student engagement as a function of environmental complexity in high school classrooms. Learning and Instruction, 43, 52–60.

Undang-Undang No. 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang: Sistem Pendidikan Nasional.

Winataputra, U. S. (2012). Pendidikan kewarganegaraan dalam perspektif pendidikan untuk mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa: gagasan, instrumentasi, dan praksis. Bandung: Widya Aksara Press.

How to Cite
Patmisari, Setyawati, S., Muthali’in, A., & Prasetiyo, W. H. (2021). STUDENT ENGAGEMENT IN CIVIC LEARNING: A STUDY FOR PRACTICE. PINUS: Jurnal Penelitian Inovasi Pembelajaran, 6(2), 29-43.