Human relations and physical work environment as predictors in improving employee performance: An empirical investigation

Human relations dan physical work environment sebagai prediktor dalam meningkatkan kinerja karyawan: Investigasi empiris

  • Muzakki Muzakki Universitar Airlangga
Abstract views: 31 ,
Keywords: Human relation, physical work environment, employees performance, Structural Equation Modeling Partial Least Square

Abstract

This study aims to explore the relationship between human relations and physical work environment on employee performance. The method used is quantitative with an emphasis on hypothesis testing. The sample used in this study was 65 employees using the purposive random sampling method. The data analysis technique used was Structural Equation Modeling Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS). The findings of this study reveal that human relations and physical work environment both partially and simultaneously have a significant effect on employee performance. The results of this study also prove that the human relation variable has a dominant effect on improving employee performance. In addition, this study provides insights to organizations in designing appropriate systems to improve employee performance..

References

Abdillah W, & Hartono J. (2016). Partial Least Square (PLS) Alternatif Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) dalam Penelitian Bisnis. Yogyakarta: ANDI.
Ahyari. (2006). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia dan Lingkungan kerja. Bandung : Pioner Jaya.
Anwar, M. N. K., Warso, M. M., Paramita, P. D. (2016). Effect of incentive and human relations on employee satisfaction its impact on work performance (Case study on corporate markat sport center). Journal of Management, 2(2), 1-11.
Effendy, O. U. (2009). Human Relations & Public Relations. Bandung: Mandar Maju.
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50.
Ghozali ,I. (2014). Structural Equation Modeling, Metode Alternatif dengan Partial Least Square (PLS). 4th ed. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro.
Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C., & Sarstedt, M. (2014). A Primer on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). SAGE Publication,Inc.
Heerwagen, J. H. (1998, March). Design, productivity and wellbeing: what are the links. In AIA Conference on Highly Effective Facilities, Cincinnati, Ohio, March (pp. 12-14)
Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sinkovics, R. R. (2009). The use of partial least squares path modeling in international marketing. New Challenges to International Marketing Advances in International Marketing, 20(2009), 277–319. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1474-7979(2009)0000020014.
Jang, J., Lee, D. W., & Kwon, G. (2019). An Analysis of the Influence of Organizational Justice on Organizational Commitment. International Journal of Public Administration, 1–9. doi:10.1080/01900692.2019.1672185.
Kegel, P. (2017). The impact of the physical work environment on organizational outcomes: A structured review of the literature. Journal of Facility Management and Research, 1(1), 19-29.
Mangkunegara, A. P. (2009). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Bandung perusahaan Rosda.
Nadarajah, S., Kadiresan, V., Kumar, R., Kamil, N. N. A., Yusoff, Y. M. (2012). The Relationship of HR Practices and Job Performance of Academicians towards Career Development in Malaysian Private Higher Institutions. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 57, 102-118.
Nzewi, H. N., Augustine, A., Mohammed, I., & Godson, O. (2018). Physical work environment and employee performance in selected brewing firms in anambra state, nigeria. Journal of Good Governance and Sustainable Development in Africa (JGGSDA), 4(2), 131-145
Ocran, G. K. (2014). The effect of human relations on employee performance at benso oil plantation. University of Cape Coast, 1-77.
Petryni, M. (2019). The Importance of Human Relations in the Workplace. Chron (https://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-human-relations-workplace-23061.html)
Rintari, A. W., Gachunga, H. G., & Senaji, T. A. (2018). The relationship between human relations and organizational performance in the referral hospitals in kenya. The Strategic Journal of Business & Change Management, 5(1), 624-632.
Rorong, S. V. (2016). The impact of physical work environment toward employee performance at PT. Bank Negara Indonesia Manado Regional Office. Jurnal EMBA, 4(1), 441-450.
Siagian. P. S. (2004). Manajemen Strategi. Jakarta: Penerbit Bumi Akasara.
Sofyan, D. K. (2013). Pengaruh Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Kerja Pegawai BAPPEDA. Malikussaleh Industrial Engineering Journal, 2(1), 18-23.
Sugiyono. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif Dan R&D. Bandung : CV. Alfabeta
Susanti, E. C. P. (2014). Pengaruh Human Relation (hubungan antar manusia) dan Kondisi Lingkungan Kerja terhadap Performance Karyawan (Studi pada Karyawan Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Cipta karya Kabupaten Lamongan). Jurnal administarasi bisnis, 17(2), 1-18.
Wise, D. A. (1975). Personal attributes, job performance, and probability of promotion. Econometrica, 43(6), 913-931.
Published
2021-10-26
How to Cite
Muzakki, M. (2021). Human relations and physical work environment as predictors in improving employee performance: An empirical investigation: Human relations dan physical work environment sebagai prediktor dalam meningkatkan kinerja karyawan: Investigasi empiris. JURNAL NUSANTARA APLIKASI MANAJEMEN BISNIS, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.29407/nusamba.v6i2.15773