Efek Panjang Serat Terhadap Sifat Tarik Komposit Poliester Berpenguat Serat Buah Lontar Yang Diberi Perlakuan Alkali

  • Kristomus Boimau Universitas Nusa Cendana
Abstract views: 156 , pdf downloads: 338
Keywords: composite, borassus fiber, fiber length, tensile strength, fracture


This study aims to observe the impact of the fiber lengths and NaOH treatment on the tensile properties of composite materials made from borassus fiber and polyester matrix. This study used fibers from borassus fruit, Wax Mirror Glass, Polyester and Alkali (NaOH). The NaOH treatment was carried out by soaking the fiber in a 15% NaOH solution for 2 hours. The length of the fiber in this study were short fiber (<1cm) and long fiber (>8 cm). The composition of the number of fibers and matrix in this study was calculated based on the volume fraction of the fiber and the volume fraction of the matrix. The test spesimens were made according to the tensile test standard ASTM D-3039. The results showed that short fiber reinforced composites treated with 15% NaOH for 2 hours had the highest tensile stress value with an average value of 5.896 MPa, while the lowest was found in composites with long fiber reinforcement without alkali treatment with an average value of 1.625 MPa. The results of the macro photo describe the shape of fiber pull out in the composite with long fiber reinforcement without treatment, while the short fiber reinforced composite with alkali treatment has a brittle fracture without fiber pull out.


Download data is not yet available.


Przemyslaw D. Pastuszak, Aleksander Muc, “Application of Composite Materials in Modern Constructions”. Key Engineering Materials, February 2013, pp 119-129.

Pradeep Kumar Uddandapu: “Impact analysis on car Bumper by varying speeds using materials ABS plastic and poly Ether Imide by Finite Element Analysis software Solid Works”, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), Vol.3, Jan-Feb 2013,pp. 391-395.

M.Sakthivel and S.Ramesh: “Mechanical properties of natural fibre (banana, coir, sisal) polymer composites”, Science Park ISSN: 2321-8045, Vol-1, July 2013.

Mohammad Asim, Mohammad Jawaid, Khalina Abdan, Mohamad Ridzwan Ishak, “Effect of Alkali and Silane Treatments on Mechanical and Fibre-matrix Bond Strength of Kenaf and Pineapple Leaf Fibres”, Journal of Bionic Engineering vol. 13, 2016, p426–435.

D. Puglia, M. Monti, C. Santulli, F. Sarasini, I. M. De Rosa, and J. M. Kenny, “Effect of Alkali And Silane Treatments On Mechanical And Thermal Behavior of Phormium Tenax Fibers,” Fibers Polym.,vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 423–427, 2013.

Ronald F. Gibson, “Principles of Composite Material Mechanics”, Fourth Edition, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Book page (264 -265), 2015.

Himanshu Bisaria, M.K.Gupta, P.Shandilya, R.K.Srivastava, “Effect of fibre length on mechanical properties of randomly oriented short jute fibre reinforced epoxy composite” Materials Today: Proceedings 2 4th International Conference on Materials Processing and Characterization (2015 ) p1193 – 1199

C. Capela, S. E. Oliveira, J. Pestana, J.A.M. Ferreira, “Effect of fiber length on the mechanical properties of high dosage carbon reinforced”, Procedia Structural Integrity 5, 2nd International Conference on Structural Integrity, ICSI 2017, 4-7 September 2017, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, p539–546

Autar K. Kaw, “Mechanics Of Composite Materials” Second Edition, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Book page 205, 2006.

L. Boopathi, P.S. Sampath, K. Mylsamy, “Investigation of Physical, Chemical And Mechanical Properties Of Raw And Alkali Treated Borassus Fruit Fiber”, Composites: Part B, Vol. 43, 2012, p3044–3052

PlumX Metrics

How to Cite
K. Boimau, “Efek Panjang Serat Terhadap Sifat Tarik Komposit Poliester Berpenguat Serat Buah Lontar Yang Diberi Perlakuan Alkali”, J, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 129-140, Jun. 2022.