The purpose of this study was to analyze the ability of the flat forehand drive stroke with a three-dimensional kinematics analysis approach in tennis. The method used was quantitative descriptive, while the subjects were 18 male tennis players (age 27 ± 3.7 years, height 169 ± 7.4 cm, body weight 71.5 ± 8.3 kg). This instrument uses three video cameras, one set of calibration, motion analysis software, manual markers and a radar speed gun. The results of this study showed that of the shoulder internal rotation, wrist flexion, trunk and hip rotations for players who have skills shows greater results when compared to the novice players. In addition, the skills player group produce ball speed that is greater than the novice players. The results of this study concluded that the series of motion starting from the hip joint rotation, the maximum external-internal shoulder rotation contributed greatly to the racket speed in generating greater ball momentum. Meanwhile, the shoulder internal velocity is the key to producing the racket maximum speed. The recommendation from the results of this study for further research is to compare the performance of forehand and backhand strokes in the elite group with a three-dimensional analysis approach.
Bańkosz, Z., & Winiarski, S. (2018). Correlations between angular velocities in selected joints and velocity of table tennis racket during topspin Forehand and Backhand. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 17(2), 330–338.
Blache, Y., Creveaux, T., Dumas, R., Chèze, L., & Rogowski, I. (2017). Glenohumeral contact force during flat and topspin tennis forehand drives. Sports Biomechanics, 16(1), 127–142. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2016.1216585
Christensen, J., Rasmussen, J., Halkon, B., & Koike, S. (2016). The Development of a Methodology to Determine the Relationship in Grip Size and Pressure to Racket Head Speed in a Tennis Forehand Stroke. Procedia Engineering, 147, 787–792. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.317
Collins, K., Young, S., & Hung, Y. J. (2020). The impacts of shoulder position sense, vision, racket weight, and gender on racket positioning accuracy in tennis players. International Journal of Exercise Science, 13(1), 1086–1097.
Creveaux, T., Dumas, R., Hautier, C., Mac??, P., Ch??ze, L., & Rogowski, I. (2013). Joint kinetics to assess the influence of the racket on a tennis player’s shoulder. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 12(2), 259–266.
Genevois, C., Reid, M., Creveaux, T., & Rogowski, I. (2020). Kinematic differences in upper limb joints between flat and topspin forehand drives in competitive male tennis players. Sports Biomechanics, 19(2), 212–226. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2018.1461915
Genevois, C., Reid, M., Rogowski, I., & Crespo, M. (2014). Performance factors related to the different tennis backhand groundstrokes: A review. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(1), 194–202.
Gordon, B. J. (2006). Contributions of joint rotations to racquet speed in the tennis serve. 24(January), 31–49. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410400022045
Herbaut, A., Simoneau-Buessinger, E., Barbier, F., Gillet, C., Roux, M., Guéguen, N., & Chavet, P. (2017). Shoe drop reduction influences the lower limb biomechanics of children tennis players during an open stance forehand: A longitudinal study. European Journal of Sport Science, 17(10), 1261–1269. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1368719
Iwamoto, S., Fukubayashi, T., & Hume, P. (2013). Pelvic rotation and lower extremity motion with two different front foot directions in the tennis backhand groundstroke. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 12(2), 339–345.
Johnson, C. D., & McHugh, M. P. (2006). Performance demands of professional male tennis players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(8), 696–699. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2005.021253
King, M. A., Kentel, B. B., & Mitchell, S. R. (2012). The effects of ball impact location and grip tightness on the arm, racquet and ball for one-handed tennis backhand groundstrokes. Journal of Biomechanics, 45(6), 1048–1052. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.12.028
Knudson, D., & Bahamonde, R. (2001). Effect of endpoint conditions on position and velocity near impact in tennis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19(11), 839–844. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404101753113787
Landlinger, J., Lindinger, S. J., Stöggl, T., Wagner, H., & MüLler, E. (2010). Kinematic differences of elite and high-performance tennis players in the cross court and down the line forehand. Sports Biomechanics, 9(4), 280–295. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2010.535841
Martin, C., Sorel, A., Touzard, P., Bideau, B., Gaborit, R., DeGroot, H., & Kulpa, R. (2020). Can the Open Stance Forehand Increase the Risk of Hip Injuries in Tennis Players? Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 8(12), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1177/2325967120966297
Nesbit, S. M., Serrano, M., & Elzinga, M. (2008). The role of knee positioning and range-of-motion on the closed-stance forehand tennis swing. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7(1), 114–124.
Reid, M., & Duffield, R. (2014). The development of fatigue during match-play tennis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(SUPPL. 1), 2–7. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-093196
Rogowski, I., Creveaux, T., Chèze, L., Macé, P., & Dumas, R. (2014). Effects of the racket polar moment of inertia on dominant upper limb joint moments during tennis serve. PLoS ONE, 9(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0104785
Rogowski, I., Rouffet, D., Lambalot, F., Brosseau, O., & Hautier, C. (2011). Trunk and upper limb muscle activation during flat and topspin forehand drives in young tennis players. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 27(1), 15–21. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.27.1.15
Rota, S., Hautier, C., Creveaux, T., Champely, S., Guillot, A., & Rogowski, I. (2012). Relationship between muscle coordination and forehand drive velocity in tennis. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 22(2), 294–300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2011.12.004
Rota, S., Morel, B., Saboul, D., Rogowski, I., & Hautier, C. (2014). Influence of fatigue on upper limb muscle activity and performance in tennis. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 24(1), 90–97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2013.10.007
Rusdiana, A., Subarjah, H., Imanudin, I., Kusdinar, Y., M Syahid, A., & Kurniawan, T. (2020). Effect of Fatigue on Biomechanical Variable Changes in Overhead Badminton Jump Smash. Annals of Applied Sport Science, 8(3), 0–0. https://doi.org/10.29252/aassjournal.895
Smeeton, N. J., Huys, R., & Jacobs, D. M. (2013). When less is more: Reduced usefulness training for the learning of anticipation skill in tennis. PLoS ONE, 8(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079811
Soubeyrand, M., Assabah, B., Bégin, M., Laemmel, E., Dos Santos, A., & Crézé, M. (2017). Pronation and supination of the hand: Anatomy and biomechanics. Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation, 36(1), 2–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hansur.2016.09.012
Yeh, I.-L., Elangovan, N., Feczer, R., Khosravani, S., Mahnan, A., & Konczak, J. (2019). Vibration-Damping technology in tennis racquets: Effects on vibration transfer to the arm, muscle fatigue and tennis performance. Sports Medicine and Health Science, 1(1), 49–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smhs.2019.09.001
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2021 Agus