Improvement Physical Fitness Level on Mountain Climbing Athletes: High-Intensity Interval Training and Oregon Circuit Training Effect
Similiarity Check


Circuit Training
Physical Fitness Level
Soedirman Expedition VII

How to Cite

Festiawan, R., Lim Boon Hooi, Kartono Pramdhan, Masnur Ali, & Arief Nuryadin. (2021). Improvement Physical Fitness Level on Mountain Climbing Athletes: High-Intensity Interval Training and Oregon Circuit Training Effect. Jurnal SPORTIF : Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran, 7(1), 19-36.


The purpose of this study was to compare the impact of giving High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and Oregon Circuit Training on cardiorespiratory endurance abilities. This study used an experimental method with a two group pretest-posttest design. The study population consisted of 20 people, the sample was determined by the total sampling method so that a sample of 20 people was obtained, the sample was then divided into two groups, the HIIT group (10 people) and the Oregon Circuit Training (10 people). The instrument used was the Multistage Fitness Test (MFT). Data analysis using Paired T-Test and Independent T-Test. The results showed that there was an effect of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) on the increase in VO2 Max (ρ value = 0.001), there was an effect of Oregon Circuit Training on the increase in VO2 Max (ρ value = 0.002) and, there was no significant effect comparison between High Intensity. Interval Training (HIIT) and Oregon Circuit Training (ρ value = 0.759), the conclusion is that the increase in cardiorespiratory endurance ability is influenced by the provision of both types of exercise but there is no significant comparison of the effects between the two, as well as the High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) training method. ) showed more effective results (39, 69%). From these results, the HIIT training method or Oregon Circuit Training can be an alternative exercise to increase VO2 Max and can be used for further research with different variables.
Similiarity Check


Astorino, T. A., Edmunds, R. M., Clark, A., King, L., Gallant, R. A., Namm, S., Fischer, A., & Wood, K. M. (2017). High-Intensity Interval Training Increases Cardiac Output and V-O2max. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(2), 265–273.

Almy, M., & Sukadiyanto, S. (2014). Perbedaan Pengaruh Circuit Training Dan Fartlek Training Terhadap Peningkatan VO2 Max Dan Indeks Massa Tubuh. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 2(1), 59 - 68.

Bacon, A. P., Carter, R. E., Ogle, E. A., & Joyner, M. J. (2013). VO2 Max Trainability and High Intensity Interval Training in Humans: A Meta-Analysis. PLoS ONE, 8(9).

Batacan, R. B., Duncan, M. J., Dalbo, V. J., Tucker, P. S., & Fenning, A. S. (2017). Effects of high-intensity interval training on cardiometabolic health: A systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51(6), 494–503.

Bunn, M. (2016). Habitus and Disposition in High-risk Mountain-climbing. Body and Society, 22(1), 92–114.

Criya Permana, B., & Sugiyanto, F. X. (2019). The Effect of Training Method and Speed on VO2 Max of Futsal Players. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 278(YISHPESS), 526–528.

Davies, S. E. H., Marnewick, J. L., & West, S. (2019). Rooibos Aspalathus linearis–Can it reduce the incidence and severity of acute mountain sickness? A case study of Aconcagua (6962 m) climbing expedition, Argentina. African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences (AJPHES) 25 (2 …, 25(June), 232–251.

Festiawan, R., Hoi, L. B., Kusuma, I. J., Heza, F. N., Suko, B., Wijayanto, A., Sumartiningsih, S., & Faculty, S. S. (2021). High-Intensity Interval Training , Fartlek Training & Oregon Circuit Training : What Are The Best Exercises To Increase VO2 Max ?, Annals of Tropical Medicine & Public Health, 24(3), 1–10.

Festiawan, R., Suharjana, Priyambada, G., & Febrianta, Y. (2020a). High Intensity Interval Training dan Fartlek Training: Pengaruhnya Terhadap Tingkat VO2 Max . Jurnal Keolahragaan, 8(1), 8–19.

Festiawan, R., Raharja, A., Jusuf, J., & Mahardika, N. (2020). The Effect of Oregon Circuit Training and Fartlek Training on the VO2Max Level of Soedirman Expedition VII Athletes. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani dan Olahraga, 5(1), 62-69.

Ilissaputra, D. A., & Suharjana, S. (2016). Pengaruh metode latihan dan VO2 Max terhadap dasar sepak bola. Jurnal Keolahragaan.

Jaakkola, T., Yli-Piipari, S., Huotari, P., Watt, A., & Liukkonen, J. (2016). Fundamental movement skills and physical fitness as predictors of physical activity: A 6-year follow-up study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 26(1), 74–81.

Khattak, I. U., Zia Ul Islam, S., & Manzoor, M. (2020). Effects of Circuit Training on Cardio-Respiratory Endurance Among College Students. Global Regional Review, 5(3), 40–47.

Kusuma, I. J., Nurcahyo, P. J., Wahono, B. S., & Festiawan, R. (2020). Pola Pengembangan Wisata Olahraga Rumpit Bike And Adventure Di Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Menssana, 5(1), 46–52.

Listiandi, A. D., Budi, D. R., Festiawan, R., Nugraha, R., & Bakhri, R. S. (2020). Hubungan Body Fat Dan Physique Rating Dengan Cardiorespiratory Fitness Mahasiswa. Jurnal MensSana, 5(1), 78-86.

Loos, P. F., Scemama, A., Blondel, A., Garniron, Y., Caffarel, M., & Jacquemin, D. (2018). A Mountaineering Strategy to Excited States: Highly Accurate Reference Energies and Benchmarks. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, 14(8), 4360–4379.

Marcinko, K., Sikkema, S. R., Samaan, M. C., Kemp, B. E., Fullerton, M. D., & Steinberg, G. R. (2015). High intensity interval training improves liver and adipose tissue insulin sensitivity. Molecular Metabolism, 4(12), 903–915.

Milanović, Z., Pantelić, S., Sporiš, G., Mohr, M., & Krustrup, P. (2015). Health-related physical fitness in healthy untrained men: Effects on VO2 Max , jump performance and flexibility of soccer and moderate-intensity continuous running. PLoS ONE, 10(8), 1–14.

Mola, D. W., & Bayisa, G. T. (2020). Effect Of Circuit Training On Selected Health-Related Physical Fitness Components: The Case Of 2nd Year Sport Science Students In Ambo University, Ethiopia. Turkish Journal of Kinesiology, 6(4), 142–148.

Mourey, J., Marcuzzi, M., Ravanel, L., & Pallandre, F. (2019). Effects of climate change on high Alpine mountain environments: Evolution of mountaineering routes in the Mont Blanc massif (Western Alps) over half a century. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 51(1), 176–189.

Nugraha, A. R., & Berawi, K. N. (2017). Pengaruh High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) terhadap Kebugaran Kardiorespirasi. Jurnal Majority, 6(1), 1–5.

Paoli, A., Pacelli, Q. F., Moro, T., Marcolin, G., Neri, M., Battaglia, G., Sergi, G., Bolzetta, F., & Bianco, A. (2013). Effects of high-intensity circuit training, low-intensity circuit training and endurance training on blood pressure and lipoproteins in middle-aged overweight men. Lipids in Health and Disease, 12(1), 1–8.

Ramos, J. S., Dalleck, L. C., Tjonna, A. E., Beetham, K. S., & Coombes, J. S. (2015). The Impact of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Vascular Function: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 45(5), 679–692.

Santika, I. G. P. N. A, Pranata, IKY, Festiawan, R., (2020). The Effectiveness of Jogging Sprint Combination Training on Students Fat Levels. Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport, 7(2), 43-48.

Sawyer, B. J., Tucker, W. J., Bhammar, D. M., Ryder, J. R., Sweazea, K. L., & Gaesser, G. A. (2016). Effects of high-intensity interval training and moderate-intensity continuous training on endothelial function and cardiometabolic risk markers in obese adults. Journal of Applied Physiology, 121(1), 279–288.

Setiawan, E., Iwandana, D. T., Festiawan, R., & Bapista, C. (2020). Improving handball athletes’ physical fitness components through Tabata training during the outbreak of COVID-19. Jurnal SPORTIF: Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran, 6(2), 375–389.

Sharma, R., Agarwal, A., Rohra, V. K., Assidi, M., Abu-Elmagd, M., & Turki, R. F. (2015). Effects of increased paternal age on sperm quality, reproductive outcome and associated epigenetic risks to offspring. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 13(1), 1–20.

Smirmaul, B. P. C., Bertucci, D. R., & Teixeira, I. P. (2013). Is the VO2 Max that we measure really maximal? Frontiers in Physiology.

Sperlich, B., Hahn, L. S., Edel, A., Behr, T., Helmprobst, J., Leppich, R., Wallmann-Sperlich, B., & Holmberg, H. C. (2018). A 4-week intervention involving mobile-based daily 6-minute micro-sessions of functional high-intensity circuit training improves strength and quality of life, but not cardio-respiratory fitness of young untrained adults. Frontiers in Physiology, 9(MAY), 1–10.

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sylta, Ø., Tønnessen, E., Hammarström, D., Danielsen, J., Skovereng, K., Ravn, T., Rønnestad, B. R., Sandbakk, Ø., & Seiler, S. (2016). The effect of different high-intensity periodization models on endurance adaptations. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(11), 2165–2174.

Tirtayasa, P. K. R., Santika, I. G. P. N. A., Subekti, M., Adiatmika, I. P. G., & Festiawan, R. (2020). Barrier Jump Training to Leg Muscle Explosive Power. Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation, 9(3), 173–177.

Triansyah, A., & Haetami, M. (2015). Pengaruh Fartlek Dan Interval Training Komunitas Parkour And Freerun. Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak.

Wen, D., Utesch, T., Wu, J., Robertson, S., Liu, J., & Hu, G. (2019). Effects of different protocols of high intensity interval training for VO2 Max improvements in adults: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 1–7.

Yudiana, Y. (2015). Implementasi Model Pendekatan Taktik dan Teknik dalam Pembelajaran Permainan Bola Voli pada Pendidikan Jasmani Siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama. Kajian Pendidikan, 5(1).

Yuliandra, R., & Nugroho, reza adhi. (2020). The Effect of Circuit Training Method on Leg Muscle Explosive Power. Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation, 9(3), 157–161.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2021 Rifqi Festiawan, Lim Boon Hooi, Kartono Pramdhan, Adi S, Arifin Ika Nugraha, Masnur Ali, Arief Nuryadin, Muhammad Sigit Antoni


Download data is not yet available.