The impact of physical education on students' active lifestyles

PlumX Metrics


physical education
physical activity

How to Cite

Widiyatmoko, F. A., Pradipta, G. D., & Hudah, M. (2021). The impact of physical education on students’ active lifestyles. Jurnal SPORTIF : Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran, 6(4), 28-37.


The curriculum in Indonesia tends to change and has not been able to contribute significantly to changes in the learning process, especially in the active lifestyle of students. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of Physical Education learning on active lifestyles. The design of this study is ex-post facto. The study involved high school students in Central Java in 2019. The data about Physical Education was collected by using a questionnaire to measure self-perception, motivation, and PACES (enjoyment), while the physical activity variable was measured by IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire). The results of the study indicated that the level of physical activity of students was moderate. Physical education variables as a whole were significantly related. In gender, in women, the motivational factor did not affect the level of physical activity. Whereas in men all factors in the context of physical education were not related to the level of physical activity. The conclusion of this study is physical education affects the active lifestyle of students. Factors outside physical education are more dominant in influencing male students in carrying out their physical activities. Physical education teachers must translate the curriculum into classroom learning by designing models and methods that are in accordance with the conditions of students and school facilities so that Physical Education has more impact on students' physical competences.


Agbuga, B., Xiang, P., & Mcbride, R. (2013). Students’ attitudes toward an after-school physical activity programme. European Physical Education Review, 19(1), 91–109.

Apriantono, T. (2020). Physical Activity Level Mapping of Senior High School Students in West Java. Pendidikan Jasmani Olahraga (Vol. 5).

Bailey, R., Armour, K., Kirk, D., Jess, M., Pickup, I., & Sandford, R. (2009). The educational benefits claimed for physical education and school sport: An academic review. Research Papers in Education, 24(1), 1–27.

Bryan, C. L., & Solmon, M. A. (2007). Self-Determination in Physical Education: Designing Class Environments to Promote Active Lifestyles. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 26(3), 260–278.

Bull, F. C., Maslin, T. S., & Armstrong, T. (2009). Global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ): nine country reliability and validity study. Journal of Physical Activity and health, 6(6), 790-804.

Carroll, B., & Loumidis, J. (2001). Children’s Perceived Competence and Enjoyment in Physical Education and Physical Activity Outside School. European Physical Education Review, 7(1), 24–43.

Danari, A. L., Mayulu, N., & Onibala, F. (2013). Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik Dengan Kejadian Obesitas Pada Anak Sd Di Kota Manado. Ejournal Keperawatan (e-Kp), 1(1), 4–7.

Ding, D., & Gebel, K. (2012). Built environment, physical activity, and obesity: What have we learned from reviewing the literature? Health and Place, 18(1), 100–105.

Dudley, D., Okely, A., Pearson, P., & Cotton, W. (2011). A systematic review of the effectiveness of physical education and school sport interventions targeting physical activity, movement skills and enjoyment of physical activity. European Physical Education Review, 17(3), 353–378.

Hallal, P. C., Andersen, L. B., Bull, F. C., Guthold, R., & Haskell, W. (2012). Physical activity levels of the world ’ s population Surveillance progress , gaps and prospects. The Lancet, 380, 247–257.

Kato, K., Iwamoto, K., Kawano, N., Noda, Y., Ozaki, N., & Noda, A. (2018). Differential effects of physical activity and sleep duration on cognitive function in young adults. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 7(2), 227–236.

Kerr, C., Smith, L., Charman, S., Harvey, S., Savory, L., Fairclough, S., & Govus, A. (2018). Physical education contributes to total physical activity levels and predominantly in higher intensity physical activity categories. European Physical Education Review, 24(2), 152–164.

Kirk, D. (2005). Physical education, youth sport and lifelong participation: The importance of early learning experiences. European Physical Education Review, 11(3), 239–255.

Lee, I.-M., Shiroma, E. J., Lobelo, F., Puska, P., Blair, S. N., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2012). Impact of Physical Inactivity on the World’s Major Non-Communicable Diseases. The Lancet, 380(9838), 219–229.

McDavid, L., Cox, A. E., & McDonough, M. H. (2014). Need fulfillment and motivation in physical education predict trajectories of change in leisure-time physical activity in early adolescence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15(5), 471-480.

Marmeleira, J. F. F., Aldeias, N. M. C., & Medeira da Graça, P. M. dos S. (2012). Physical activity levels in Portuguese high school physical education. European Physical Education Review, 18(2), 191–204.

Mötteli, S., & Dohle, S. (2017). Egocentric social network correlates of physical activity. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 1(7), 1–7.

Mullen, S. P., Olson, E. A., Phillips, S. M., Szabo, A. N., Wójcicki, T. R., Mailey, E. L., McAuley, E. (2011). Measuring enjoyment of physical activity in older adults: Invariance of the physical activity enjoyment scale (paces) across groups and time. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8(1), 103.

Neshteruk, C. D., Nezami, B. T., Nino-Tapias, G., Davison, K. K., & Ward, D. S. (2017). The influence of fathers on children’s physical activity: A review of the literature from 2009 to 2015. Preventive Medicine, 102, 12–19.

Pelletier, L. G., Rocchi, M. A., Vallerand, R. J., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2013). Validation of the revised sport motivation scale (SMS-II). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(3), 329–341.

Perlman, D. (2012). The influence of the Sport Education Model on amotivated students’ in-class physical activity. European Physical Education Review, 18(3), 335–345.

Seabra, A., Mendonça, D., Maia, J., Welk, G., Brustad, R., Fonseca, A. M., & Seabra, A. F. (2013). Gender, weight status and socioeconomic differences in psychosocial correlates of physical activity in schoolchildren. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 16(4), 320-326.

Singh, A., & Purohit, B. (2011). Evaluation of Global Physical Activity Questionnaire ( GPAQ ) among Healthy and Obese Health Professionals in Central India, 3(1), 34–43.

Suherman, A. (2013). Membangun Kualitas Hidup Bangsa Melalui Penjas. pidato ilmiah. Retrieved from Suherman/

Sulistiono, A. A. (2014). Kebugaran Jasmani Siswa Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah di Jawa Barat. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 20, 223–233.

Timo, J., Sami, Y. P., Anthony, W., & Jarmo, L. (2016). Perceived physical competence towards physical activity, and motivation and enjoyment in physical education as longitudinal predictors of adolescents’ self-reported physical activity. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(9), 750–754.

WHO. (2008). Global Action Plan on Physical Activity 2018-2030: More active people for a healthier world. Word Health Organization.

Widiyatmoko, F. A., & Hadi, H. (2018). Tingkat Aktivitas Fisik Siswa di Kota Semarang. Journal Sport Area, 3(2), 140–147.

Widiyatmoko, F. A., & Hudah, M. (2017). Evaluasi Implementasi Pendidikan Nilai Dalam Pembelajaran Penjas. Jurnal Ilmiah Penjas, 3(2), 44–60. Retrieved from

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2021 Fajar Ari Widiyatmoko, Galih Dwi Pradipta, Maftukin Hudah


Download data is not yet available.