Analisis gangguan menstruasi pada atlet putri selama pelatihan yang intensif
Similarity Check


atlet putri
gangguan menstruasi

How to Cite

Sugiharto, S., Nugroho, A. S., Purwanto, B., & Herawati, L. (2020). Analisis gangguan menstruasi pada atlet putri selama pelatihan yang intensif. Jurnal SPORTIF : Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran, 6(3), 612-623.


Pelatihan yang berat dan melelahkan yang dilakukan oleh atlet, tentunya memiliki dampak negatif pada kesehatan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis gangguan menstruasi pada atlet putri selama pelatihan yang intensif. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan analitik observasional dengan metode survey test. Populasi penelitian ini adalah 15 atlet putri pada tim softball Jawa Tengah yang dipersiapkan untuk Pekan Olahraga Nasional (PON) 2021. Teknik sampling dalam penelitian ini adalah total sampling. Teknik analisis data menggunakan deskriptif presentase. Data yang berhasil dikumpulkan yaitu: karakteristik responden, siklus menstruasi, dan ovulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik responden penelitian ini memiliki usia rerata 20,46 ± 2,09, rerata tinggi badan 159,6 ± 5,13, rerata berat badan 58,13 ± 8,12, rerata IMT 22,95 ± 2,34, dan rerata skor GPAQ 11363 ± 1621,03. Hasil pemeriksaan ouvutest menunjukkan 47% dari responden penelitian mengalami ovulasi, sedangkan 53% dari responden penelitian mengalami anovulasi. Kesimpulan penelitian ini hampir keseluruhan responden memiliki periode menstruasi yang normal, tetapi yang mengejutkan adalah lebih dari setengah dari populasi atlet putri yang mengikuti pelatihan intensif mengalami gangguan menstruasi berupa anovulasi. Maka dari itu perlu dilakukan upaya pemulihan gangguan tersebut untuk mencegah efek negatif seperti penurunan performa fisik. Selain itu, perlu juga dilakukan pemeriksaan kesehatan lebih lanjut untuk memastikan tidak terdapat gangguan kesehatan lainnya.
Similarity Check


Balitbang Kemenkes RI. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar: RISKESDAS.

Cialdella-Kam, L., Guebels, C. P., Maddalozzo, G. F., & Manore, M. M. (2014). Dietary intervention restored menses in female athletes with exercise-associated menstrual dysfunction with limited impact on bone and muscle health. Nutrients, 6(8), 3018-3039.

Dadgostar, H., Razi, M., Aleyasin, A., Alenabi, T., & Dahaghin, S. (2009). The relation between athletic sports and prevalence of amenorrhea and oligomenorrhea in Iranian female athletes. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 1(1), 16.

De Souza, M. J., Toombs, R. J., Scheid, J. L., O'Donnell, E., West, S. L., & Williams, N. I. (2010). High prevalence of subtle and severe menstrual disturbances in exercising women: confirmation using daily hormone measures. Human reproduction, 25(2), 491-503.

De Souza, M. J., Nattiv, A., Joy, E., Misra, M., Williams, N. I., Mallinson, R. J., & Matheson, G. (2014). 2014 Female Athlete Triad Coalition Consensus Statement on treatment and return to play of the female athlete triad: 1st International Conference held in San Francisco, California, May 2012 and 2nd International Conference held in Indianapolis, Indiana, May 2013. British journal of sports medicine, 48(4), 289-289.

Enns, D. L., & Tiidus, P. M. (2010). The influence of estrogen on skeletal muscle. Sports medicine, 40(1), 41-58.

Fairley, D. H., & Taylor, A. (2003). Anovulation. BMJ, 327(7414), 546-549.

Gharib, T., & Ackerman, K. (2012). (Athletic Training) Female Athlete Triad. Sports Health, 4(4), 302–311.

Gordon, C. M. (2010). Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea. New England Journal of Medicine, 363(4), 365-371.

Groothuis, P. G., Dassen, H. H. N. M., Romano, A., & Punyadeera, C. (2007). Estrogen and the endometrium: lessons learned from gene expression profiling in rodents and human. Human reproduction update, 13(4), 405-417.

Gruene, S. (2016). Anamnesis and clinical examination. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), 141(1), 24-27.

Gudmundsdottir, S. L., Flanders, W. D., & Augestad, L. B. (2009). Physical activity and fertility in women: the North-Trøndelag Health Study. Human Reproduction, 24(12), 3196-3204

Hoch, A. Z., Lal, S., Jurva, J. W., & Gutterman, D. D. (2007). The female athlete triad and cardiovascular dysfunction. Physical medicine and rehabilitation clinics of North America, 18(3), 385-400.

House, S., Loud, K., & Shubkin, C. (2013). Female athlete triad for the primary care pediatrician. Current opinion in pediatrics, 25(6), 755-761.

Kelly, A. K. W., & Hecht, S. (2016). From The American Academy of Pediatrics The Female Athlete Triad Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness Clinical Report Guidance for The Clinician in Rendering Pediatric Care. Pediatrics, 106(3):610.

Lawson, E. A., Donoho, D., Miller, K. K., Misra, M., Meenaghan, E., Lydecker, J., & Klibanski, A. (2009). Hypercortisolemia is associated with severity of bone loss and depression in hypothalamic amenorrhea and anorexia nervosa. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 94(12), 4710-4716.

Leiva, R. A., Bouchard, T. P., Abdullah, S. H., & Ecochard, R. (2017). Urinary luteinizing hormone tests: which concentration threshold best predicts ovulation?. Frontiers in public health, 5, 320.

Loucks, A. B., Kiens, B., & Wright, H. H. (2011). Energy availability in athletes. Journal of sports sciences, 29(sup1), S7-S15.

Maimoun, L., Paris, F., Coste, O., & Sultan, C. (2016). Intensive training and menstrual disorders in young female: Impact on bone mass. Gynécologie Obstétrique et Fertilité, 44(11), 659-663.

Manore, M. M., Kam, L. C., & Loucks, A. B. (2007). The female athlete triad: components, nutrition issues, and health consequences. Journal of sports sciences, 25(S1), S61-S71.

Meczekalski, B., Podfigurna-Stopa, A., Warenik-Szymankiewicz, A., & Genazzani, A. R. (2008). Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea: current view on neuroendocrine aberrations. Gynecological Endocrinology, 24(1), 4-11.

Mendelsohn, F. A., & Warren, M. P. (2010). Anorexia, bulimia, and the female athlete triad: evaluation and management. Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics, 39(1), 155-167.

Mountjoy, M., Sundgot-Borgen, J. K., Burke, L. M., Ackerman, K. E., Blauwet, C., Constantini, N., & Sherman, R. T. (2018). IOC consensus statement on relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S): 2018 update. British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Pauli, S. A., & Berga, S. L. (2010). Athletic amenorrhea: energy deficit or psychogenic challenge?. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1205, 33.

Pettersson, F., Fries, H., & Nillius, S. J. (1973). Epidemiology of secondary amenorrhea: I. Incidence and prevalence rates. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 117(1), 80-86.

Powers, S., Nelson, W. B., & Larson-Meyer, E. (2011). Antioxidant and vitamin D supplements for athletes: sense or nonsense?. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(sup1), S47-S55.

Rickenlund, A., Thorén, M., Carlström, K., Von Schoultz, B. O., & Hirschberg, A. L. (2004). Diurnal profiles of testosterone and pituitary hormones suggest different mechanisms for menstrual disturbances in endurance athletes. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 89(2), 702-707.

Sharma, A. M., & Campbell-Scherer, D. L. (2017). Redefining obesity: beyond the numbers. Obesity, 25(4), 660.

Shufelt, C. L., Torbati, T., & Dutra, E. (2017). Hypothalamic Amenorrhea and the Long-Term Health Consequences. Seminars in Reproductive Medicine.

Su, H. W., Yi, Y. C., Wei, T. Y., Chang, T. C., & Cheng, C. M. (2017). Detection of ovulation, a review of currently available methods. Bioengineering & translational medicine, 2(3), 238-246.

Thong, F. S., McLean, C., & Graham, T. E. (2000). Plasma leptin in female athletes: relationship with body fat, reproductive, nutritional, and endocrine factors. Journal of Applied Physiology, 88(6), 2037-2044.

Vescovi, J. D., Jamal, S. A., & De Souza, M. J. (2008). Strategies to reverse bone loss in women with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea: A systematic review of the literature. Osteoporosis International.

WHO. (2012). Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) Analysis Guide. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2020 Sugiharto, Ardi Setyo Nugroho, Bambang Purwanto, Lilik Herawati


Download data is not yet available.