PENGGUNAAN ARANG AKTIF KULIT DURIAN (Durio zibethinus Murr) TERHADAP TINGKAT ADSORPSI KROMIUM (Cr6+) PADA LIMBAH BATIK

  • Anita Dewi Moelyaningrum Universitas Jember
  • Kharta Zarkasi
  • Prehatin Trirahayu Ningrum

Abstract

 
Chromium (Cr6+) is a heavy metal that often finds in the batik wastewater. The activated carbon of durian peel (Durio zibethinus Murr.) Is an adsorbent which can adsorb heavy metals in the batik wastewater. The purpose of this study to analyze the effectiveness of the durian peel activated carbon to adsorb Cr6+ in the batik wastewater. This research was the true experiment with six repetitions. The sample consists of the control group (C) and the treatment groups (X1, X2, X3). Adsorption has done by using the mass of durian peel activated carbon 20 gr/litter (X1), 30 gr/ litter (X2), and 40 gr/ litter (X3). Each sample contacted with batik wastewater stirred by jar test with a speed of 400 rpm for one minute, then it allowed to stand 30 minutes. After that, the results compared with the control group. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test. The results show that there was the difference between the control group and the treatment groups (p = 0.017). The most significant differences occurred in the third treatment group (X3) (p= 0.029).
 
 

References

Afrianita, R., Dewilda, Yommi., & Rahayu, Monica. 2014. Potensi Fly Ash sebagai Adsorben dalam Menyisihkan Logam Berat Cromium (Cr) pada Limbah Cair Industri. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan UNAND. 11(1): 67-63.

Apriani, R., Faryuni, D. I., & Wahyuni, D. 2013. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Aktivator Kalium Hidroksida (KOH) terhadap Kualitas Karbon Aktif Kulit Durian sebagai Adsorben Logam Fe pada Air Gambut. Prisma Fisika. I(2): 82-86.

Febriansyah, B., Chairul, & Yenti, S. R. 2015. Pembuatan Karbon Aktif dari Kulit Durian sebagai Adsorben Logam Fe. Jom FTEKNIK. 2(2): 1-11.

Hadiwidodo, M. 2008. Penggunaan Abu Sekam Padi sebagai Adsorben dalam Pengolahan Air Limbah yang Mengandung Logam Cu. Jurnal Teknik. 29(1):55.

Harianto, R., & S. M. Arsyik Kurniawan. 2018. Analisis Penurunan Kadar Cr, Cd dan Pb Limbah Laboratorium Dasar Ppsdm Migas Cepu dengan Adsorpsi Serbuk Eceng Gondok (Eichornia crassipes). Indonesian Journal of Chemical Research. 3(1-2): 40-46

Haura, U., Razi, F., & Milina, H. 2017. Karakterisasi Adsorben dari Kulit Manggis dan Kinerjanya pada Adsorpsi Logam Pb(II) dan Cr(VI). Biopropal Industri. 8(1): 47-54.

Labied, R. 2018. Adsorption of Hexavalent Chromium by Activated Carbon Obtained from a Waste Lignocellulosic Material (Ziziphus jujuba cores): Kinetik, Equilibrium, and Thermodynamic Study. Adsorption Science & Teknology, 0 (0), 1-34.
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0263617417750739

Moelyaningrum, A. D., & Pujiati, R. S. 2015. Cadmium (Cd) and Mercury (Hg) in the Soil, Leachate, and Ground Water at the Final Waste Disposal Pakusari Jember Distric Area. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR). 24(2): 101-108.
http://gssrr.org/index.php?journal=JournalOfBasicAndApplied&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=4541

Moelyaningrum, A. D. 2018. The Potential of Cacao Pod Rind Waste (Thoboma cacao) to Adsorb Heavy Metal (Pb and Cd) in Water. Sustainable Future for Human Security. pp 265-276.
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-981-10-5433-4_18.

Noer, S., Pratiwi, R. D., & Gresinta, E. 2015. Pemanfaatan Kulit Durian sebagai Adsorben Biogradable Limbah Domestik Cair. Faktor Exacta. 8(1): 75-78.

Nuriana, W., Anisa, N., & Martana. 2013. Karakteristik Biobriket Kulit Durian Sebagai Bahan Bakar Alternatif Terbarukan. Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian, 23(1): 70-76.

Peraturan Gubernur Jawa Timur Nomor 72 Tahun 2013. Baku Mutu Air Limbah bagi Industri dan/atau Kegiatan Usaha Lainnya. 16 Oktober 2013. Surabaya.

Rahman, M.M., Awang, M., Mohosina, B.S., Kamaruzzaman, B.Y., Wan Nik,W.B., & Adnan, C.M.C. 2012. Waste Palm Shell Converted to High Efficient Activated Carbon by Chemical Activation Methode and Its Adsorption Capacity Tested by Water Filtration. Prosedia. 1: 293-298. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212670812000498

Ratnasari, N. D., Moelyaningrum, A. D., & Ellyke. 2017. Penurunan Kadar Tembaga (Cu) pada Industri Elektroplating Menggunakan cangkang Telur Ayam Potong Teraktivasi Termal. Sanitasi: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan. 9(2): 56-62.

Saueprasearsit, P. 2011. Adsorption of Chromium (Cr+6) Using Durian Peel. International Conference on Bioteknology and Environment Management 18. 16-18 September 2011. IACSIT Press: 33-38. www.ipcbee.com/vol18/7-ICBEM2011M013.pdf

Shafirinia, R., Wardana, I. W., & Oktiawan, W. 2016. Pengaruh Variasi Ukuran Adsorben dan Debit Aliran terhadap Penurunan Khrom (Cr) dan Tembaga (Cu) dengan Arang Aktif dari Limbah Kulit Pisang pada Limbah Cair Industri Pelapisan Logam (Elektroplating) Krom. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan. 5 (1): 1-9.

Widowati, W., Sastiono, A., & Rumampuk, R. J. 2008. Efek Toksik Logam Pencegahan dan Penanggulangan Pencemaran. Yogyakarta: ANDI.

Yusoff, S. N., Kamari, A., Putra, W. P., Ishak, C. F., Mahamed, A., Hashim, N., et al. 2014. Removal of Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) Ions from Aqueous Solutions Using Selected Agricultural Wastes: Adsorption and Charactersation Studies. Journal of Environmental Protection, 5, 289-300. www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=44123
Published
2018-06-08
How to Cite
MOELYANINGRUM, Anita Dewi; ZARKASI, Kharta; NINGRUM, Prehatin Trirahayu. PENGGUNAAN ARANG AKTIF KULIT DURIAN (Durio zibethinus Murr) TERHADAP TINGKAT ADSORPSI KROMIUM (Cr6+) PADA LIMBAH BATIK. Efektor, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 67-73, june 2018. ISSN 2355-956X. Available at: <http://ojs.unpkediri.ac.id/index.php/efektor-e/article/view/12069>. Date accessed: 23 oct. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.29407/e.v5i2.12069.