Geographic Information Systems Application to Drought Distribution Identification with Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) Method in Trenggalek Regency
The widespread drought area in Trenggalek Regency in 2019 needs to be analyzed to reduce negative impacts and as a monitoring tool to anticipate future drought events. The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) is a drought analysis method by calculating the rainwater deficit at various time scales used to identify the distribution of drought in Trenggalek Regency. This study using rain data on 13 rain stations for the period 1990-2019 and agricultural production data for 2019. The calculation results show that the highest SPI value occurred in March at the highly wet level with a value of 2.11. The lowest SPI value occurred in May at the extremely dry level with a value of -2.31. The results are then mapped using ArcGIS with the Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) method to identify the spatial distribution of drought.
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